TMJ dentist research

Brooklyn dentists by Laura Li

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 At OcciDental, our dentists regularly attend continuing education courses on TMJ including innovative treatments for TMJ disorders, non surgical treatments and TMJ diagnostic research.

Below is the latest on TMJ research (reviewed by our clinicians):

A review of the occlusal planes is important in understanding ideal biting relationship and in the methods  of modifying unstable bites. The biting plane is not one dimensional. A flat biting plane will not allow functional contact in more than one site of the maxilla or mandible. Consequently, the biting planes of both maxilla and mandible are shaped in a way that allows optimum use of tooth contacts during function.

When the biting curve is reviewed anteriorly, the posterior teeth in the maxillary arch incline to the front. From the anterior side, the posterior teeth in the mandibular arch incline to the back. A line drawn through the buccal and lingual cusp tips of the right and left posterior teeth produces a curved plane. The curvature is convex in the maxilla and concave in the mandible.

The way we move the bottom jaw is governed by the two temporomandibular joints (TMJs), which do not move the same way. They are complicated different movements where a flat biting surface will not allow  functional contact in more than one area of the dental arch at the same time. The biting planes of maxilla and mandible are, nonetheless, curves in a manner that allows optimum utilization of dental contacts during mastication.

Conclusion:  Occlusal (biting) planes are important in diagnosis and treatment of TMJ disorders.